Intrauterine Fetal Shunt

In fetal shunt placement, a shunt (hollow tube) is inserted through the mother’s abdomen and uterus into the fetus to drain fluid from a fluid-filled fetal space into the amniotic cavity.

The most common type of fetal shunt placement is vesicoamniotic shunting for urinary tract blockages, such as bladder outlet obstruction. It also may be used in other conditions that cause buildup of excess fluid that compresses and damages organs, including the heart, lungs or kidneys.

The information in this article is about vesicoamniotic shunting. Contact Texas Children’s Fetal Center for information about use of fetal shunt placement in other conditions.

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